The UNICEF report concluded that the effects of climate change threaten more than half of the world’s child population.
A total of 1 billion children living in 33 countries around the world; It was stated that it is at “extremely high” risk from the effects of climate change such as heat waves, hurricanes, air pollution, floods and drought. This number is higher than half of the world’s child population.
The Children’s Climate Risk Index report published by UNICEF, the United Nations Children’s Fund, opens with the words “The climate crisis is a child rights crisis”. The report discusses the exposure and sensitivity of children to this process globally and in detail. According to the report, almost every child in the world seems to be vulnerable to at least one climate shock, but it is also stated that the greatest threat is at the door for 1 billion children living in high-risk countries.
In the UNICEF report, the top 6 countries where children are most at risk are listed as Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau and Somalia. These are followed by Niger, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Cameroon, Madagascar and Mozambique.
On the other hand, the countries where children are safest are listed as Iceland, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Finland and Estonia.
Children are physically and physiologically sensitive
According to the UNICEF report, the fundamental limits of our world’s natural system are being exceeded every day. Climate change, loss of biodiversity, and increasing pollution of soil, air, water and oceans are indicators of this. As these limits are crossed, the delicate natural balance on which humanity depends for growth and development is disturbed.
Children are physically challenged by drought, floods, harsh weather conditions; It is physiologically much more susceptible to climate-related diseases and pollution, such as malaria and dengue fever. Although reports say that greenhouse gas emissions should be halved by 2030 and completely eliminated by 2050, many countries are unable to reach these targets.
A very difficult future awaits our children if we do not take immediate action.